Overuse injuries occur from repetitive action and excessive overload. During exercise, the body adapts to the stresses place on it by strengthening the tissues in use. However, when the body cannot adapt quickly enough or the repetitive action places too much strain on that particular part of the body, microscopic injuries in the tendons, bones, and joints can occur over time, which often lead to degeneration, inflammation and pain.
In a popular sport such as basketball, overuse injuries are common and can be challenging to treat. These injuries might include bony stress fractures, patellar tendinopathy, Achilles tendinopathy, and rotator cuff injuries. An overuse injury can stem from training errors and technique errors.
Symptoms of an overuse injury
- Pain during or after activity
- Warmth to the touch
Treatment options for overuse injuries
- Ice after exercise or physical therapy
- Anti-inflammatory medication
- Physical therapy
Prevention of overuse injuries
- Do not over train or over exercise
- Allow your body to recover after tough exercises
- Work on flexibility
- Strengthen weaker muscle groups
- Design a well-rounded training program
James G. Macintyre, M.D.
Jordan Valley Medical Center