Overuse injuries occur from repetitive action and excessive overload. During exercise, the body adapts to the stresses place on it by strengthening the tissues in use. However, when the body cannot adapt quickly enough or the repetitive action places too much strain on that particular part of the body, microscopic injuries in the tendons, bones, and joints can occur over time, which often lead to inflammation and pain.
In popular sports such as golf and softball, overuse injuries are common and can be challenging to treat. These injuries might include patellar tendinitis, Achilles tendinitis, and rotator cuff injuries. An overuse injury can stem from training errors and technique errors.
Symptoms of an overuse injury
- Soreness and pain
- Warm to the touch
Treatment options for overuse injuries
- Ice after exercise or physical therapy
- Anti-inflammatory medication
- Physical therapy
Prevention of overuse injuries
- Do not over train or over exercise
- Allow your body to recover after tough exercises
- Work on flexibility
- Strengthen weaker muscle groups
- Design a well-rounded training program