What is peripheral artery disease?
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the narrowing of peripheral arteries, which results in reduced blood flow to the limbs. PAD can also be a sign of atherosclecrosis, a widespread accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries. Although some people may not experience any symptoms with this disease, others can experience debilitating pain.
- Painful cramping in hip, thigh, or calf muscles after walking or climbing stairs
- Numbness or weakness in legs
- Sores on feet or legs that won’t heal
- Change in color of legs
- Hair loss on feet and legs
- Slower toenail growth
- Weak pulse in legs or feet
The treatment for peripheral artery disease has two main goals—to manage symptoms and stop the progression of the disease throughout the body.
- Quit smoking
- Supervised exercise program
- Healthier diet
- Cholesterol-lowering medication
- High blood pressure medication
- Bypass surgery
- Thrombolytic therapy