Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine, which is the lower portion of the digestive system. In most cases, colon cancer begins as benign or precancerous clumps of cells called polyps, and over time, those polyps can become cancerous. Unfortunately, a direct cause of colon cancer is not yet clear; however, there are several risk factors including age, family history, inherited syndromes, diet, and lifestyle that do increase your chances of developing colon cancer. It is recommended that people with an average risk of colon cancer begin screenings at age 50.
Symptoms of Colon Cancer
- Change in bowel habits
- Rectal bleeding or blood in stool
- Persistent abdominal discomfort
- The sensation that your bowels will not empty completely
- Fatigue and muscle weakness
- Unexplained weight loss
The type of treatment your physician recommends will likely depend on the stage of colon cancer.
- Surgery for early-stage colon cancer
- Surgery for invasive colon cancer
- Radiation Therapy
- Targeted drug therapy