WALLER COUNTY, Texas – Sandra Bland had marijuana in her system at the time of her death in a Texas jail cell, Warren Diepraam, a Waller County prosecutor, told reporters Thursday, citing preliminary autopsy results.
He said the cause of death was hanging; the manner of death was suicide.
Bland did not have injuries on her hands, Diepraam said.
“The only injury that was found close to the hands were some lacerations or abrasions on her wrists, which are consistent with being handcuffed and struggling,” he said. “There were no bite marks or other injuries on her face, on her lips, on her tongue, which would be consistent with a violent struggle.”
If there had been a violent struggle, Diepraam said, examiners would most likely not expect to see a uniform and consistent mark around Bland’s neck — which is what they, in fact, observed.
Guards in the jail that held Sandra Bland — a black woman whose arrest and, days later, death while in custody stirred anger nationwide — violated policies by failing to do timely checks on inmates, a report obtained Thursday by CNN shows.
In this story
- Guards found Sandra Bland's body nearly two hours after someone last checked on her
- The jailers should have, and failed to, check inmates every 60 minutes, state report finds
- The same report says not all of the jail's staff had required suicidal prevention training
The formulaic, two-page “special inspection report” from the Texas Commission on Jail Standards does not mention Bland by name.
But it was filed on July 16, three days after Bland’s body was found in her cell, a death that authorities characterized as a suicide, but that family, friends and their supporters think is suspicious.
A timeline from the Waller County Sheriff’s Office of what’s seen in video from the jail states that a male guard stopped and briefly talked with Bland shortly after 7 a.m., but no one came back to check on her until 8:55 a.m.
That’s when jail personnel found her not breathing and hanged with a trash bag from a metal barrier that separated the bathroom from the rest of her cell, a death the sheriff’s office said “appears to be self-inflicted asphyxiation.”
The state report notes that there should be a “visual, face-to-face observation of all inmates by jailers no less than once every 60 minutes.” Not nearly two hours, as was the case in Bland.
In fact, the inspection report found that “documentation … revealed that Waller County is not completing (such checks) as required by Minimum Jail Standards.”
That’s not the only apparent violation.
The same report states county officials didn’t provide proof that jail staff had two hours of annual training with “the local mental health authorities … in accordance with their approved Mental Disabilities/Suicide Prevention Plan.”
“The training is to include the recognition, supervision, documentation and handling of inmates who are mentally disabled and/or potentially suicidal,” it says.
Separately, an inmate who was held in a cell adjacent to Bland told CNN she did not hear any commotion or screaming that would suggest foul play before the 28-year-old woman was found dead.
The woman, who asked not to be identified, said Bland was emotional and often crying during her three days in the jail.
The inmate says she spoke with Bland twice, and that Bland told her she was worried about not being able to talk with her family members, and was stressed about missing her first day of work at her new job.
Conflicting info about suicidal thoughts on documents
Waller County District Attorney Elton Mathis has released some preliminary autopsy results that indicate she had marijuana in her system and cutting scars on her arm.
Says Waller County Sheriff R. Glenn Smith: “There is absolutely no doubt in my mind (Bland committed suicide).”
A form that appeared to be filled out by hand after her arrest states that Bland tried to overdose with pills in 2015 after losing a baby. And there are check marks next to “yes” on these questions:
• Have you ever been depressed?
• Do you feel this way now?
• Have you had thoughts of killing yourself in the past year?
Yet a separate document, which appears to be from a computer, has “no” answers to all these questions. However that document does say that she attempted suicide “by taking pills” in 2015.
Minister: Family doesn’t accept narrative Bland was suicidal
If Bland was suicidal, author and activist DeWayne Charleston said the blame lays on Smith, his office and his jailers for not doing more to keep her alive.
“Maybe they didn’t have information about her mental state — it doesn’t matter,” Charleston, a former Waller County justice of the peace, told CNN. “She was in (Smith’s) care, custody and control, and he bears responsibility.”
Yet Charleston and many others don’t buy the idea that Bland killed herself.
Yes, she did post a video to Facebook on March 31 saying she has “a little bit of depression as well as PTSD.” But that doesn’t mean she wanted to kill herself now — especially not after having received two job offers, including one she’d accepted at her alma mater, Prairie View A&M University, in Texas.
Theresa Dear — a long-time minister at DuPage AME Church outside Chicago, which Bland attended growing up — noted that, as Bland tried to get money to post $5000 bail, she had a bright future to look forward to and looked likely to be released soon.
“How could someone go from a place of being excited about the future to now wanting to take their own life?” Dear told CNN’s “New Day,” accusing officials of selectively putting out “crumbs and morsels,” but not the full story. “We, as a family and a community who love Sandra Bland, do not accept … this narrative that the Texas authorities are putting in the media that she had suicidal tendencies.”
Friend: ‘Something went terribly wrong’
Another thing that has angered Bland’s supporters, and raised their suspicions even more, is how and why she was arrested in the first place.
The charge she faced was assault on a public servant. Yet this only happened after she was pulled over for allegedly failing to use her turn signal on July 10.
What started as a seemingly normal conversation got testy after Texas state Trooper Brian Encinia asked Bland to put out her cigarette.
Encinia then wrote, in his arrest warrant affidavit, that Bland became “combative and uncooperative” and that she was placed in handcuffs “for officer safety.”
“Bland began swinging her elbows at me and then kicked my right leg in the shin,” Encinia said. “I had a pain in my right leg and suffered small cuts on my right hand. Force was used to subdue Bland to the ground to which Bland continued to fight back.”
A dashcam video doesn’t show the confrontation, but it does show that Encinia told Bland she was under arrest before it happened.
Regardless, Bland’s family doesn’t think the traffic stop over a turn signal should have escalated to an arrest.
“I simply feel like the officer was picking on her, and I believe that is petty,” her sister Sharon Cooper told CNN’s “Erin Burnett OutFront.”
LaVaughn Mosley, who says Bland left him a voicemail after her arrest indicating she was “at a loss for words” but not hinting about suicide, said it is all a shame — especially her death.
“Here is a young black female who was on her way to being successful,” Mosley said. “I don’t know what happened in that jailhouse, but obviously something went terribly wrong.”